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Weather balloon type
There are two main types of meteorological balloons according to their purposes: wind and cloud balloons and air-sound balloons.
The A-type theodolite wind and cloud measurement balloon is a balloon with a spherical mass less than 300 g. Such as: 30g balloon.
The wind measuring balloon used for high-altitude wind observation and the cloud measuring balloon used for cloud base height observation. These balloons are average.It carries no load or less load, so it is smaller than a sounding ball. In addition to being able to reach the required height, The balloon must always maintain a good spherical shape during the lift-off process.Class B radar wind and sounding balloons are balloons with a sphere mass greater than or equal to 300 g. Such as: 300g,750g, 800g, 1600g balloons.Balloons used to carry conventional high-altitude image detection instruments must ensure that the carried load (the quality of the detection instruments) The amount is generally 200~1000g) Under the condition of ensuring that the measuring element has a stable rise and good ventilation, the rise To a height above 18~36km.
The altitude of various types of meteorological balloons
30g theodolite wind and cloud meteorological balloon
The balloon's speed is within the scope of business requirements, and when the weather conditions meet the observation, it will reach a height of 3000 meters above the ground Above; business requirements lasted for 30 minutes, the average blast height is more than 5500 meters (500 hPa), lift-off height The effective rate is greater than 80%.
300g radar wind measurement weather balloon
The balloon's rising speed is within the scope of business requirements, and the average balloon height is above 18000 meters; the lift-off height is 17000 The effective rate above meters is greater than 80%.
750g Lei Datan Air Elephant Balloon
The speed of the balloon is within the scope of business requirements, and the average height of the balloon is 26,000 meters (refer to the new quality assessment office Method) and above; the effective rate is more than 80% when the lift-off height is above 25000 meters.
800g radar air like balloon
The balloon's rising speed is within the scope of business requirements, and the average balloon height is more than 30,000 meters; the lift-off height is 28,000 The effective rate above meters is greater than 80%.
1600g radar detection air like a balloon.
The balloon's rising speed is within the scope of business requirements, and the average balloon height is more than 36000 meters; the lift-off height is 35000 The effective rate above meters is greater than 80%.